N to Q


April 9, 2018 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Tax Terms


N

New York Tax Directory | Taxsaver Enterprise Islip
nonrefundable credit
When the amount of a credit is greater than the tax owed, taxpayers can only reduce their tax to zero; they cannot receive a “refund” for any excess nonrefundable credit.
nullification
A state’s refusal to recognize or obey a federal law

P

payroll taxes
Include Social Security and Medicare taxes.
personal exemption
Can be claimed for the taxpayer and spouse. Each personal exemption reduces the income subject to tax by the exemption amount.
Personal Identification Number (PIN)
Allow taxpayers to “sign” their tax returns electronically. The PIN, a five-digit self-selected number, ensures that electronically submitted tax returns are authentic. Most taxpayers can qualify to use a PIN.
progressive tax
A tax that takes a larger percentage of income from high-income groups than from low-income groups.
property taxes
Taxes on property, especially real estate, but also can be on boats, automobiles (often paid along with license fees), recreational vehicles, and business inventories.
proportional tax
A tax that takes the same percentage of income from all income groups.
protective tariff
A tax levied on imported goods with the purpose of reducing domestic consumption of foreign-produced goods.
public goods and services
Benefits that cannot be withheld from those who don’t pay for them, and benefits that may be “consumed” by one person without reducing the amount of the product available for others. Examples include national defense, streetlights, and roads and highways. Public services include welfare programs, law enforcement, and monitoring and regulating trade and the economy.

Q

qualifying child
To be a qualifying child, the dependent must meet eight tests: (1) relationship, (2) age, (3) residence, (4) support, (5) citizenship or residency, (6) joint return, (7) qualifying child of more than one person, and (8) dependent taxpayer.
qualifying relative
There are tests that must be met to be a qualifying relative, they are: (1) not a qualifying child, (2) member of household or relationship, (3) citizenship or residency, (4) gross income, (5) support, (6) joint return, and (7) dependent taxpayer.
Qualifying Widow(er) filing status
If your spouse died in 2010, you can use married filing jointly as your filing status for 2010 if you otherwise qualify to use that status. The year of death is the last year for which you can file jointly with your deceased spouse. You may be eligible to use qualifying widow(er) with dependent child as your filing status for two years following the year of death of your spouse. For example, if your spouse died in 2010, and you have not remarried, you may be able to use this filing status for 2011 and 2012. This filing status entitles you to use joint return tax rates and the highest standard deduction amount (if you do not itemize deductions). This status does not entitle you to file a joint return.